Pepe Bitcoin

Bitcoin’s Next Chapter: From Digital Gold to NFT Powerhouse

1. Introduction

Bitcoin, often referred to as digital gold, has earned its nickname due to its stability and value retention. In countries with volatile currencies, like Argentina, Bitcoin is seen as a more reliable option than the local currency. Besides being a stable asset, Bitcoin is also known as a solid alternative investment. In 2023 alone, the price of Bitcoin surged by 156%, outperforming traditional assets like gold and the S&P 500.

Recently, Bitcoin technology has emerged as the world’s most popular NFT platform. Last week alone, there were $50 million in NFT sales on the BTC network. This development dethroned Ethereum, which had $35 million in sales, and outpaced Polygon with $19 million and Solana ($ 18 million, source: Crypto Slam). So, why has Bitcoin become such a popular NFT platform? What is the history of BTC as an NFT platform? What impact does this have on traders like Oxido and BTC miners? Learn more in this BTC NFT special.

2. Bitcoin’s Journey as an NFT Platform

Many people think Bitcoin has only recently started being used as an NFT platform, but that’s not true. Here’s a timeline highlighting the key milestones and developments in the evolution of NFTs on the Bitcoin blockchain:

2012-2014: Early Experiments

2012: Colored Coins

Colored Coins were an early form of tokens built on the Bitcoin blockchain. Users could “color” specific Bitcoin units (satoshis) with metadata, giving them unique properties to represent other assets or digital items. This allowed for the creation of Bitcoin-based digital assets like stocks, bonds, property deeds, and eventually NFTs.

2014: Counterparty

Counterparty launched to bring advanced functionality to the Bitcoin blockchain, such as creating and trading tokens and digital assets. It utilized Bitcoin’s security and stability but added features like smart contracts and token issuance.

2017-2018: Rare Pepes & Spells of Genesis

2017: Rare Pepes

One notable application of Counterparty was the issuance of the Rare Pepe collection, a series of unique digital cards featuring Pepe the Frog in various artistic and humorous interpretations. These cards became one of the first popular NFT collections, showcasing the potential for digital collectibles on the blockchain.

2018: Spells of Genesis

Spells of Genesis integrated blockchain technology with gaming by tokenizing and trading digital cards on the Bitcoin blockchain through Counterparty. This project demonstrated how blockchain could ensure ownership, scarcity, and tradeability of digital assets in gaming.

2021: Introduction of Stacks and RSK

Stacks (formerly Blockstack)

Stacks launched its mainnet to bring smart contracts and decentralized applications (dApps) to the Bitcoin ecosystem. Using a mechanism called Proof of Transfer (PoX), Stacks leverages Bitcoin as a base layer, enabling the creation and trading of NFTs with Bitcoin’s security and stability.

RSK (Rootstock)

RSK offers a platform compatible with Ethereum’s Virtual Machine (EVM), allowing developers to port their applications and smart contracts to the RSK network. This compatibility enables the implementation of NFTs on Bitcoin, expanding its functionality with smart contracts and decentralized finance (DeFi) applications.

2022: Further Developments and Adoption

Liquid Network

Liquid Network, developed by Blockstream, operates as a sidechain to Bitcoin, facilitating faster and more efficient transactions. By supporting NFTs and other digital assets, Liquid Network enhances the broader Bitcoin ecosystem, attracting more attention and investment.

2023: Rise of Ordinals and Runes

Ordinals Protocol

The Ordinals protocol numbers and identifies individual satoshis (the smallest unit of Bitcoin) with metadata, allowing each satoshi to have unique properties. This enables the creation and trading of NFTs directly on the Bitcoin blockchain without needing sidechains, simplifying the process for users familiar with Bitcoin.

Runes Protocol

The Runes protocol introduces a new way to create and trade tokens on the Bitcoin blockchain, similar to the ERC-20 token standard on Ethereum. Runes can be used for various digital assets, including NFTs, utility tokens, and governance tokens, providing a flexible solution for developers and contributing to the growth of the Bitcoin ecosystem.

3. Impact of NFTs on Bitcoin Stakeholders

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) on the Bitcoin network are shaking things up, making waves in areas like art, gaming, and real estate. But what does this mean for everyone involved in the Bitcoin world?

Bitcoin Miners

NFTs have a significant impact on Bitcoin miners. The creation and trading of NFTs on the Bitcoin network lead to increased transaction activity, raising transaction fees. This results in higher revenues for miners as they can prioritize higher-fee transactions in their blocks.

Oxido Solutions and Other Bitcoin Traders

For traders, the introduction of NFTs is a mixed bag. On one hand, it brings new opportunities for profit through trading unique digital assets. On the other hand, increased network activity and higher transaction fees can make trading regular Bitcoin more expensive and less efficient. This can deter some traders who rely on low transaction costs and speed for their trading strategies. For Oxido Solutions, which fully automates trading in Bitcoin Perpetual Futures, the development of NFTs on the network leads to more market participation and liquidity, allowing more capital to be traded with their Bitcoin bots.


NFTs on Bitcoin open up new avenues for developers. They can now create decentralized applications (dApps) and platforms that leverage Bitcoin’s robust security and decentralization. This can attract more developers to the Bitcoin ecosystem, fostering innovation and potentially increasing the utility and value of the Bitcoin network.


For investors, NFTs on Bitcoin represent a new class of assets that can diversify their portfolios. The unique nature of NFTs as digital collectibles or representations of real-world assets provides new investment opportunities and potential for high returns. However, this also introduces new risks, including market volatility and the speculative nature of NFT markets.

General Users

General users of Bitcoin might experience both benefits and drawbacks. NFTs can increase the cultural and practical utility of Bitcoin, making it more than just a digital currency but also a platform for digital ownership and creativity. However, the increased transaction fees and network congestion can make everyday transactions more costly and slower.

4. Recap

The NFT revolution on Bitcoin didn’t happen overnight. It started with early experiments like colored coins and Counterparty, then progressed with platforms like Stacks and RSK. Now, it’s reaching new heights with innovative protocols like Ordinals and Runes.

These advancements sparked a surge in NFT popularity and trading on Bitcoin, making it a serious contender against other NFT platforms like Ethereum. This shift positions Bitcoin not just as an asset class, investment product, and store of value, but also as a robust NFT platform.

In essence, Bitcoin’s journey into the world of NFTs showcases its ongoing evolution and adaptability in the ever-changing digital landscape. As the NFT space continues to grow and innovate, Bitcoin remains at the forefront, proving its relevance and versatility in the modern era of digital finance and ownership.